1941 GMP L. Bloomfield



Leonard Bloomfield (April 1, 1887 – April 18, 1949) was an American linguist who led the development of structural linguistics in the United States during the 1930s and the 1940s. His influential textbook Language, published in 1933, presented a comprehensive description of American structural linguistics. He made significant contributions to Indo-European historical linguistics, the description of Austronesian languages, and description of languages of the Algonquian family.

Bloomfield's approach to linguistics was characterized by its emphasis on the scientific basis of linguistics, adherence to behaviorism especially in his later work, and emphasis on formal procedures for the analysis of linguistic data. The influence of Bloomfieldian structural linguistics declined in the late 1950s and 1960s as the theory of generative grammar developed by Noam Chomsky came to predominate.


  • Bloomfield, Leonard. 1909/1910. "A semasiological differentiation in Germanic secondary ablaut". Modern Philology 7:245–288; 345–382.
  • Bloomfield, Leonard (1911). "The Indo-European Palatals in Sanskrit". The American Journal of Philology32 (1): 36–57. 
  • Bloomfield, Leonard. 1914. Introduction to the Study of Language. New York: Henry Holt. Reprinted 1983, John Benjamins. Retrieved April 19, 2009. 
  • Bloomfield, Leonard (1914a). "Sentence and Word". Transactions and Proceedings of the American Philological Association45: 65–75. 
  • Bloomfield, Leonard (1916). "Subject and Predicate". Transactions and Proceedings of the American Philological Association47: 13–22. 
  • Bloomfield, Leonard. 1917. Tagalog texts with grammatical analysis. University of Illinois studies in language and literature, 3.2-4. Urbana, Illinois.
  • Bloomfield, Leonard (1925). "Why a linguistic society?". Language1: 1–5. 
  • Bloomfield, Leonard (1925a). "On the sound-system of Central Algonquian". Language1 (4): 130–156. 
  • Bloomfield, Leonard. 1925-1927. "Notes on the Fox language." International Journal of American Linguistics 3:219-232; 4: 181-219
  • Bloomfield, Leonard (1926). "A set of postulates for the science of language" (PDF)Language2 (3): 153–164.  (reprinted in: Martin Joos, ed., Readings in Linguistics I, Chicago and London: The University of Chicago Press 1957, 26-31).
  • Bloomfield, Leonard (1927). "On Some Rules of Pāṇini". Journal of the American Oriental Society47: 61–70. 
  • Bloomfield, Leonard (1927a). "Literate and illiterate speech". American Speech2 (10): 432–441. 
  • Bloomfield, Leonard. 1928. Menomini texts. Publications of the American Ethnological Society 12. New York: G. E. Stechert, Agents. [reprinted 1974. New York: AMS Press] 
  • Bloomfield, Leonard (1928a). "A note on sound change". Language4 (2): 99–100. 
  • Bloomfield, Leondard. 1929. Review of Bruno Liebich, 1928, Konkordanz Pāṇini-Candra, Breslau: M. & H. Marcus. Language 5:267–276. Reprinted in Hockett, Charles. 1970, pp. 219–226.
  • Bloomfield, Leonard. 1930. Sacred stories of the Sweet Grass Cree. National Museum of Canada Bulletin, 60 (Anthropological Series 11). Ottawa. [reprinted 1993, Saskatoon, SK: Fifth House].
  • Bloomfield, Leonard. 1933. Language. New York: Henry Holt. 
  • Bloomfield, Leonard. 1934. Plains Cree texts. American Ethnological Society Publications 16. New York. [reprinted 1974, New York: AMS Press]
  • Bloomfield, Leonard. 1935. "Linguistic aspects of science". Philosophy of Science 2/4:499–517.
  • Bloomfield, Leonard. 1939. "Menomini morphophonemics". Etudes phonologiques dιdiιes ΰ la mιmoire de M. le prince N.S. Trubetzkoy, 105–115. Travaux du Cercle Linguistique de Prague 8. Prague.
  • Bloomfield, Leonard. 1939a. Linguistic aspects of science. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. 
  • Bloomfield, Leonard (1942). "Outline of Ilocano syntax". Language18 (3): 193–200. 
  • Bloomfield, Leonard. 1942a. Outline guide for the practical study of foreign languages. Baltimore: Linguistic Society of America.
  • Bloomfield, Leonard. 1946. "Algonquian." Harry Hoijer et al., eds., Linguistic structures of native America, pp. 85–129. Viking Fund Publications in Anthropology 6. New York: Wenner-Gren Foundation.
  • Bloomfield, Leonard. 1958. Eastern Ojibwa. Ed. Charles F. Hockett. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.
  • Bloomfield, Leonard. 1962. The Menomini language. Ed. Charles F. Hockett. New Haven: Yale University Press.
  • Bloomfield, Leonard. 1975. Menomini lexicon. Ed. Charles F. Hockett. Milwaukee Public Museum Publications in Anthropology and History. Milwaukee: Milwaukee Public Museum.
  • Bloomfield, Leonard. 1984. Cree-English lexicon. Ed. Charles F. Hockett. New Haven: Human Relations Area Files. 
  • Bloomfield, Leonard. 1984b. Fox-English lexicon. Ed. Charles F. Hockett. New Haven: Human Relations Area Files.